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Hunan Province Overview

Hunan Province, abbreviated as Xiang in Chinese, lies on the south bank of Yangtze River (Chang Jiang). It covers an area of over 210,000 square kilometers, and has a population of 66.74 million. The capital city of Huan Province is Changsha.

Hunan Province Geography: The terrain of Hunan Province slopes gradually from the south to north. Major mountains in Hunan are Mount Wuling Shan, Mt. Xuefeng Shan, Mt. Luoxiao Shan, and Mount Nan Ling. Major rivers are Yangtze River, Xiang River, Yuan River and Li River. The largest lake in Hunan province is Dongting Lake, which is also the second largest lake in China.

Hunan Province Climate: Hunan enjoys a middle subtropical humid monsoon climate, characterized with distinctive seasonal difference and plenty of rainfall. With an annual rainfall of 1,200 ~ 1,700mm, the average annual temperature is between 15 ~ 18.5 ℃, and 3 ~ 8 ℃ in January and 27 ~ 30 ℃ in July.

Hunan Province Agriculture: With rice, wheat and potatoes as its major crops, Hunan is one of major grain production base in China, of which, the production of rice is the largest in the country. Animal husbandry also leads in China.

Hunan Province Industry: Hunan is one of China's nonferrous metal productions bases, with Zhuzhou as its metallurgy center.

Tourist Resources of Hunan Province: Hunan is well known not only for its beautiful natural scenery, but also for its rich cultural relices. Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, a world famous place for its incredible Karst physiognomy, is a part of Wulingyuan Scenic Area. Huan province also has one of the five sacred mountains in China, Mount Hengshan, which is a place to see snow in winter in South China. Chairman Mao's childhood home is in Hunan, which attracts visitors all the time. Hunan also has Yueyang Tower and Mawangdui Tombs.

Hunan Province Map


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